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The Maine lobster roll has progressed from a local delicacy to a global sensation. Once a humble item on seafood-shack menus, it has now achieved worldwide fame, captivating food enthusiasts and tourists alike. But how did this iconic dish rise to such prominence? Let's delve into the intriguing journey of the Maine lobster roll and uncover its fascinating evolution.

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From Coastal Comfort to Global Gastronomy The Lobster Roll Journey

A century ago, the phrase "lobster roll" was virtually unheard of in Maine and the United States. It wasn't until 1937 that it debuted in The New York Times, with potential origins traced back to restaurants in Connecticut and New York. However, the story remains mysterious, leaving room for speculation and debate among lobster roll connoisseurs.

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For much of the 20th century, the lobster roll remained relatively obscure, limited to a handful of eateries in New England. Then, in the late 1990s, everything changed. Pearl Oyster Bar, a tiny restaurant in Manhattan, transformed the lobster roll into a culinary obsession.

The dish quickly gained traction thanks to the efforts of passionate chefs, industrious Maine fishermen, and influential New York editors. By 2006, it was crowned the dish of the year by Bon Appétit and graced the cover of Gourmet in 2009. Its popularity soared, spreading from coast to coast and even challenging the traditional shore dinner as Maine's quintessential dish.

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Fast forward to the present day, and the lobster roll continues to evolve. Young chefs and entrepreneurs are pushing its boundaries, both geographically and conceptually. The story of this seemingly simple Maine treat is anything but simple. So put on your bib, prepare your taste buds, and join us as we unravel the captivating journey of the Maine lobster roll.

Stay tuned for our upcoming blog posts to explore the origins, variations, and secret tips for making the perfect lobster roll. Prepare to embark on a mouthwatering adventure celebrating this beloved seafood delight's rich history and irresistible flavors.

The Origins of the Maine Lobster Roll

The lobster roll, a beloved summer sandwich, has a captivating history and humble beginnings to achieving worldwide fame. Native to New England clam shacks and roadside stands, this coastal delight has become a staple on menus across the globe. In this section, we will explore the origins of the lobster roll, tracing its roots back to its first appearance in print and the possible progenitor restaurants that paved the way for its popularity.

The First Appearance in Print

The earliest known reference to the lobster roll can be traced back to a New England newspaper article in the early 1920s. Although locals already enjoyed the sandwich, this publication brought it to a wider audience. The article described a "hot grilled lobster sandwich" gaining popularity among travelers and seafood enthusiasts. This newfound exposure helped propel the lobster roll into the culinary spotlight.

Possible Progenitor Restaurants

While there are various claims about the true birthplace of the lobster roll, one restaurant often credited with its invention is Perry's, located in Milford, Connecticut. According to the story, the proprietor, Harry, came up with the idea for a portable lobster sandwich after a request from a traveling liquor salesman.

Harry quickly crafted a sandwich using cooked lobster meat and a specially made bread roll from a local bakery. This innovation began the lobster roll's journey towards becoming a gastronomic sensation.

Obscurity in New England

In its early years, the lobster roll remained a regional delicacy, primarily enjoyed in New England. It was a simple and affordable meal made by lobstermen, using less desirable lobsters or unsold catches.

These humble beginnings showcased the resourcefulness of the lobster fishing community, who saw the potential in transforming their surplus into a tasty handheld treat. However, the lobster roll remained relatively unknown outside the seafood shacks and coastal towns.

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The Rise of Pearl Oyster Bar

The turning point for the lobster roll's rise to prominence came with the opening of Pearl Oyster Bar in the early 1990s. Located in New York City, this restaurant, under the guidance of chef Rebecca Charles, played a pivotal role in popularizing the lobster roll beyond its traditional New England borders.

Charles crafted a version of the sandwich that showcased the succulent lobster meat with a simple dressing of mayonnaise, lemon juice, and a sprinkle of herbs. The combination of quality ingredients and skillful execution catapulted Pearl Oyster Bar into the spotlight, and soon, the lobster roll became a must-try dish for locals and visitors to the city.

The evolution of the lobster roll from a local New England specialty to a global sensation is a testament to its irresistible appeal. From its first mention in print to the emergence of pioneering restaurants like Pearl Oyster Bar, the lobster roll has captivated taste buds and earned its place as an iconic seafood dish. In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the intricacies of the lobster roll's preparation, regional variations, and the secrets behind creating the perfect homemade version.

 Sandwich in a Paper Plate (Photo by Deane Bayas)
Lobster Roll in a Paper Plate (Photo by Deane Bayas)

The Lobster Roll Takes Over

If you're a seafood lover, chances are you've heard of the iconic Maine lobster roll. This delectable sandwich has come a long way since its humble beginnings and has gained worldwide fame for its mouthwatering flavors and unique presentation. In this section, we'll explore how the lobster roll has taken the culinary world by storm, earning accolades and winning over the hearts and taste buds of food enthusiasts everywhere.

Bon Appétit's Dish of the Year

Regarding recognizing culinary excellence, Bon Appétit is a trusted authority. In 2017, they named the lobster roll as their "Dish of the Year." This prestigious honor solidified the lobster roll's position as a must-try dish for food lovers across the globe.

The magazine praised its simplicity, highlighting the delicate balance between the succulent lobster meat, creamy mayonnaise, and buttery toasted bun. With this recognition, the lobster roll became a symbol of gastronomic indulgence and sparked a surge in its popularity.

Gourmet Magazine's Cover Feature

Gourmet Magazine, known for its sophisticated fine dining and exquisite cuisine coverage, also jumped on the lobster roll bandwagon. In a memorable cover feature, they showcased the lobster roll as an epitome of summer dining and coastal elegance.

The magazine's detailed spread showcased various interpretations of the lobster roll, from the classic Maine style with chilled lobster meat tossed in mayo to adventurous twists incorporating unique flavors and ingredients. Gourmet Magazine's endorsement further propelled the lobster roll into the culinary limelight, captivating the attention of food enthusiasts seeking luxurious yet approachable dining experiences.

The Lobster Roll's Conquest of NYC

New York City, famous for its diverse food scene, was not immune to the lobster roll phenomenon. The lobster roll quickly became a sought-after delicacy in the city's bustling culinary landscape. Renowned seafood restaurants began adding their twist to the classic, attracting locals and tourists alike with their innovative preparations and fresh ingredients.

New York City's love affair with the lobster roll went beyond fine dining establishments, as food trucks and casual eateries also joined the craze, making it accessible to a broader audience. The lobster roll's conquest of NYC solidified its status as a staple in the city's vibrant food culture.

The Spread of the Lobster Roll Coast to Coast

Following its success in the Northeast, the lobster roll's popularity spread like wildfire, captivating seafood enthusiasts from coast to coast. Food lovers in California, Florida, and everywhere in between eagerly embraced this quintessential taste of New England.

Lobster shacks and seafood restaurants focused on quality and authenticity began popping up nationwide, allowing people from all walks of life to experience the delight of sinking their teeth into a delicious lobster roll. Today, you can find variations of the lobster roll from the shores of Maine to the sunny beaches of California, each with its regional twist.

The lobster roll's journey from a humble coastal sandwich to achieving worldwide fame has been nothing short of extraordinary. With accolades from renowned publications like Bon Appétit and Gourmet Magazine and its conquest of cities like New York, the lobster roll has solidified its position as a beloved and iconic dish. Its popularity continues to grow as it spreads across the nation, bringing a taste of the coast to seafood enthusiasts everywhere.

So go ahead, indulge in the culinary delight of the lobster roll, and discover why this savory creation has captured the hearts and palates of food lovers worldwide.

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The Lobster Roll's Evolution

The lobster roll has come a long way since its humble beginnings, evolving into a beloved culinary delight with a global reputation. In this section, we will explore two key aspects that have contributed to the evolution of the lobster roll: pushing geographic horizons and expanding the concept of the lobster roll.

Pushing Geographic Horizons

One of the most remarkable aspects of the lobster roll's evolution is its expansion beyond its New England roots. What was once a regional delicacy can now be found in various parts of the world, from coastal cities to landlocked areas. This geographical reach has played a crucial role in spreading the fame and popularity of the lobster roll.

Restaurants and food trucks in major cities outside New England have embraced the lobster roll, capturing the attention of locals and tourists alike. This expanded availability has allowed people from all walks of life to experience the satisfaction of biting into a buttery, succulent lobster roll.

Expanding the Concept of the Lobster Roll

As the lobster roll gained popularity, chefs and culinary enthusiasts started experimenting with the classic recipe, leading to creative variations. These innovative twists on the traditional lobster roll have contributed to its evolution and kept it relevant in the ever-evolving food scene.

The possibilities seem endless, from Asian-inspired lobster rolls with spicy mayo and pickled vegetables to lobster rolls served on brioche buns with truffle aioli. These modern interpretations of the lobster roll have introduced new flavors and textures, appealing to adventurous eaters and pushing the boundaries of what a lobster roll can be.

This evolution has also given rise to vegetarian and vegan versions of the lobster roll, catering to those with dietary restrictions or personal preferences. These plant-based alternatives often feature inventive substitutes like hearts of palm or tofu, ensuring everyone can enjoy a lobster roll's essence.

The lobster roll's evolution continues to captivate food enthusiasts and leave them eager to see what exciting variations will emerge next. Whether honoring the traditional roots or embracing innovation, the lobster roll remains a symbol of culinary creativity and a testament to the endless possibilities of gastronomy.

Wagonwheel's Lobster Roll Recipe

Maine Lobster Rolls are a delightful and iconic seafood dish known for their simplicity and rich flavors. Here's a classic recipe to make them at home:


For the Lobster Salad:

1 1/2 pounds of cooked lobster meat (approximately four lobster tails)

1/2 cup mayonnaise

1-2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice (adjust to taste)

Two celery stalks, finely chopped

1-2 tablespoons fresh chives, finely chopped (optional)

Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste

For Assembling:

4 New England-style hot dog buns (top-split and lightly toasted)

4-5 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted

Lettuce leaves (e.g., Boston or Bibb lettuce) for lining the buns

Additional chives for garnish (optional)

Lemon wedges for serving (optional)


Prepare the Lobster Meat:

Start by boiling or steaming the lobster tails until the shells turn red and the meat opaque. This should take about 8-10 minutes for 4-ounce tails.

Let the lobster tails cool. Once cool, remove the meat from the shells and chop it into bite-sized pieces.

Make the Lobster Salad:

In a bowl, combine the chopped lobster meat, mayonnaise, lemon juice, chopped celery, and chives (if using).

Gently fold the ingredients until the lobster meat is evenly coated with the mayo mixture.

Season the salad with salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste. Adjust the lemon juice and seasoning according to your preference.

Toast the Buns:

Brush the inside of each New England-style hot dog bun with melted butter.

In a skillet over medium heat, toast the buns until golden brown. This step adds a delicious buttery flavor and helps prevent the buns from getting soggy.

Assemble the Lobster Rolls:

Line each toasted bun with lettuce leaves, which provide a crisp base for the lobster salad.

Generously spoon the lobster salad into each bun, filling them with the delicious lobster mixture.

Garnish and Serve:

Garnish each lobster roll with additional chives for a pop of color and flavor.

Serve your Maine Lobster Rolls with lemon wedges on the side for squeezing over the rolls.

Enjoy your homemade Maine Lobster Rolls! They're best served fresh and can be accompanied by coleslaw, potato salad, or chips for a classic New England seafood meal.


In just a few short decades, Maine lobster rolls have gone from being a relatively unknown seafood treat to achieving worldwide fame. This evolution can be attributed to a combination of factors, including the ingenuity of chefs and restaurant owners, the productivity of Maine fishermen, and the influence of media and food critics.

The lobster roll's journey to prominence began around a century ago, with its first mention in print in 1937. For much of the 20th century, it remained a regional delicacy enjoyed by a select few. However, it wasn't until the late 1990s, when Pearl Oyster Bar in Manhattan transformed the lobster roll into a culinary obsession, that it began to gain widespread attention.

From there, the lobster roll's popularity skyrocketed. It became the dish of the year according to Bon Appétit in 2006 and graced the cover of Gourmet in 2009. Its conquest of New York City was documented in a 2010 New York magazine feature. Today, the lobster roll can be found nationwide, making it a valid symbol of Maine cuisine.

Despite its humble beginnings and murky origins, the lobster roll has become an iconic dish beloved by locals and tourists alike. Its success serves as a testament to the power of innovation and the ability of a simple treat to capture the hearts and appetites of people worldwide.

So, the next time you indulge in a Maine lobster roll, take a moment to appreciate its journey from obscurity to fame. It's a delicious reminder of the culinary possibilities arising when tradition meets creativity.


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Savory Sojourns Chef | Food Blogger | Restaurant Owner | Affiliate Marketer!

About the Author:  Savory Sojourns and Delicious Affilates

I am a seasoned food expert with over 20 years of experience as a chef,  a seasoned affiliate marketer, 10 years as a successful restaurant owner, and 5 years as a dedicated food blogger. My journey in the culinary world has been shaped by a passion for flavors, creativity, and innovation. Visit Our facebook page WagonWheelEats And Our facebook Group Kitchen Magic Alliance

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